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Luke the EvangelistThe Gospel of Luke is a synoptic Gospel, and is the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament. The text narrates the life of Jesus of Nazareth. The gospel opens with the miraculous births of John the Baptist and of Jesus. Jesus, born to the Virgin Mary, has a humble birth in a stable, and is attended by shepherds. Jesus leads a ministry of preaching, exorcism, and miracles in Galilee. His divine nature is revealed to chosen disciples at the Transfiguration, after which he and his disciples travel to Jerusalem, where he stolidly accepts crucifixion according to divine plan. The resurrected Jesus appears to his disciples on Sunday and ascends bodily to heaven that evening.

The author, traditionally identified as Luke the Evangelist, is characteristically concerned with social ethics, the poor, women, and other oppressed groups. Certain popular stories on these themes, such as the prodigal son and the good Samaritan, are found only in this gospel. This gospel also has a special emphasis on prayer, the activity of the Holy Spirit, and joyfulness. Donald Guthrie claimed, ?it is full of superb stories and leaves the reader with a deep impression of the personality and teachings of Jesus."

The author intended to write a historical account bringing out the theological significance of the history. The author's purpose was to portray Christianity as divine, respectable, law-abiding, and international. Scholarship is in wide agreement that the author of Luke also wrote the Acts of the Apostles. In fact, "the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles originally constituted a two-volume work." In some editions of the Bible, Luke-Acts has been presented as a single book. Both Luke and Acts are addressed to Theophilus, and there are several theories concerning why.

Modern critical scholarship concludes that Luke, like Matthew, relied on Mark for its chronology and on the sayings gospel Q for many of Jesus' teachings. Luke might also rely on independent written records. There are two serious possibilities regarding the date of composition, either being in the early 60s, or in the later decades of the 1st century. Also missing from the Gospel is any mention of the Death of James in 62 AD. Along with the absence of the destruction of the Jewish Temple in 70 AD, this clearly points to an earlier date for the writing of the Gospel.

View the Chapters Of Luke:
1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  24  

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