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Wisdom

Apocryphal book written in Alexandria about the middle of the first century B.C. Wisdom consists of three independent parts which have no real connection, and which treat subjects that are altogether different.

The first six chapters of Wisdom form an address to the rulers of the earth . They accentuate the necessity of wisdom as indispensable to rulers , although they are chiefly directed against the Epicureans, the ungodly who deny immortality, indulge in lust and incest, and mock the righteous and the learned, who in their turn upbraid them for their lawlessness and licentiousness. In contrast with them the "saints"  whom they expose to torture  and to a martyr's death are called "sons of God," initiated into His mystery, promised an inheritance in eternal life like Enoch, and assured of a crown of glory in the world to come . Finally, wisdom is introduced in as the speaker, and as the one who bestows the divine kingdom and confers immortality; whereas sin brings death, since "through envy of the devil came death into the world". The second part contains an address of King Solomon, relating how his life was guided solely by wisdom, and closing with a prayer offered by him to God that he might obtain her. Here wisdom is represented as a mystic power which imparts not only knowledge of all mysteries and the spirit of prophecy, but even immortality, while it is also a cosmic force invested with twenty-one divine attributes, this number being either a triple multiple of seven, or, if originally twenty-two instead of twenty-one, corresponding to the twenty-two letters of the Greek alphabet. At the same time, wisdom, as in the Platonic system, is believed to teach the four cardinal virtues of temperance, prudence, justice, and fortitude. The prayer of Solomon refers to the heavenly tabernacle prepared from the beginning, and to his own predestination. Wisdom is described as a cosmic principle dwelling on the throne of glory next to God, and as knowing and designing all things, being identical with the creative Word and the Holy Spirit.
View the Chapters Of Wisdom:
1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  






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