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2 Esdras

2 Esdras is a work ascribed to Ezra (in Greek, Esdras), and preserved in different ancient versions (including Latin, Syriac, Ethiopian, Armenian, Arabic and Coptic). The work was included in the Vulgate the Bible of the Latin Church and in the Protestant Apocrypha, but it is not found in the Septuagint; the Greek version, with the exception of a few passages, was lost.

Originally written in Aramaic or Hebrew, the work was composed in Palestine at the end of the 1st century A.D. The dating is based upon the identification of the three heads of the eagle in chapters 11-12 with the Flavian emperors. The work comprises seven visions around the central theme of the destruction of the Temple and Jerusalem, and the consequent theological problems. Seeking consolation for the Jewish people, the author's first three visions posed questions concerning the justice of God's management of the world (3:28) and God's purpose in, and responsibility for, the creation of sinful humanity (8:14). These questions receive an answer in three symbolic visions (4th-6th visions), mainly expressing eschatological expectations including a rebuilt Jerusalem (the vision of the mourning woman, 9:38-10:59), the last fourth of the wicked empire, symbolized by the eagle (chap. 11), or the Davidic messiah (chap. 13). In the final vision (chap. 14) Ezra receives the Torah, the 24 books of the Bible and the 70 books with secret knowledge.

View the Chapters Of 2 Esdras:
1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  

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